Sentence Basics: Subjects, Verbs, Objects, Adjectives, and Adverbs
By Chris Cherry
Every sentence is ultimately made of up of two things: a subject and a verb. The subject is the person, place, thing, or idea that the sentence is about. The verb is the thing that the subject is doing. The subject always comes before the verb.
If you can’t find both of these things in your sentence, it isn’t a complete sentence. (An exception to this is commands, such as “Don’t forget about me.” With commands, the subject is “you” and is implied.)
The subject is usually a noun. A noun is any word that is a person, place, thing, or idea. Woman, Colorado, bottle, and boredom are all nouns. The subject can also be a pronoun, which is a word that takes the place of a noun (she, it, they, this). Nouns and pronouns can also be objects. The object of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is affected by the verb. The object always comes after the subject and verb (unless you want to speak like Yoda.)
In this case, “dumplings” is a direct object, because the action is happening to them directly. An indirect object is the person, place, thing, or idea for whom the action is taking place. The indirect object usually comes between the verb and direct object.
An adjective or adjective phrase is a word or group of words that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun. It usually comes before the noun.