Sentence Basics: Subjects, Verbs, Objects, Adjectives, and Adverbs

Sentence Basics:  Subjects, Verbs, Objects, Adjectives, and Adverbs

By Chris Cherry

Every sentence is ultimately made of up of two things: a subject and a verb. The subject is the person, place, thing, or idea that the sentence is about. The verb is the thing that the subject is doing. The subject always comes before the verb.

Sentence Basics 1

If you can’t find both of these things in your sentence, it isn’t a complete sentence. (An exception to this is commands, such as “Don’t forget about me.” With commands, the subject is “you” and is implied.)

The subject is usually a noun. A noun is any word that is a person, place, thing, or idea. Woman, Colorado, bottle, and boredom are all nouns.  The subject can also be a pronoun, which is a word that takes the place of a noun (she, it, they, this). Nouns and pronouns can also be objects. The object of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is affected by the verb. The object always comes after the subject and verb (unless you want to speak like Yoda.)

Sentence Basics 2.jpg

In this case, “dumplings” is a direct object, because the action is happening to them directly. An indirect object is the person, place, thing, or idea for whom the action is taking place. The indirect object usually comes between the verb and direct object.

Sentence Basics 3

An adjective or adjective phrase is a word or group of words that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun. It usually comes before the noun.

Sentence Basics 4An adverb or adverb phrase is a word or group of words that describes or modifies a verb. It oftentimes ends in the letters –ly. It usually comes before the verb.

Sentence Basics 5.jpg

 

 

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